What most babies do by this age: Social: Brings things to “show” other people May have temper tantrums Reacts to changes in daily routines Shows affection to familiar people Plays simple pretend, such as feeding a doll May cling to caregivers in new situations Points to show others something interesting Explores alone but with parent close by Communication: Says several single words Says and shakes head “no” Points to show someone what he wants Can find familiar toy when you ask them to find it Problem-Solving: Knows what ordinary things are for; for example, telephone, brush, spoon Points to get the attention of others Shows interest in a doll or stuffed animal by pretending to feed Points to one body part Scribbles on his own Can follow 1-step verbal commands without any gestures; for example, sits when you say “please sit down” Movement: Walks alone May walk up steps and run Pulls toys while walking Can help undress herself Drinks from a cup Eats with a spoon WHAT FAMILIES CAN DO Encourage your toddler to have empathy – for example, to hug or pat another child who is sad Set limits that are firm, fair and consistent. Describe your toddler’s emotions – “You are mad when we have to leave the park.” Give your toddler lots of hugs and kisses, and praise for good behavior. Hold your toddler on your lap, read aloud and talk about the pictures in the book. Repeat the words your toddler says; say the words clearly and correctly. Ask your toddler simple questions. Talk about what you and your toddler are doing together. Sing songs and repeat rhymes together. Encourage pretend play with dolls, toy phones or stuffed animals. Have your toddler play with books, balls, puzzles and toys that teach cause and effect, and problem solving. Give your toddler crayons and paper, and let him/her draw freely. Play games naming objects in pictures and body parts. Provide toys your toddler can push or pull safely. Provide balls for your toddler to kick, roll and throw. Encourage your toddler to drink from a cup and use a spoon, no matter how messy. Blow bubbles and let your toddler pop them.