What most babies do by this age: Social: Is shy or nervous with strangers Cries when parents leave Has favorite things and people Shows fear in some situations Repeats sounds or actions to get attention Puts out arm or leg to help with dressing Plays games such as “peek-a-boo” Communication: Responds to simple spoken requests Uses simple gestures, like shaking head “no” or waving “bye-bye” Makes sounds with changes in tone (sounds more like speech) Says “mama” and “dada” and exclamations like “uh-oh!” Tries to say words you say Problem Solving: Explores things in different ways, like shaking, banging, throwing Finds hidden things easily Looks at the right picture or thing when it’s named Starts to use things correctly; for example, drinks from a cup, brushes hair Bangs two things together Puts things in a container, takes things out of a container Pokes with index (pointer) finger Follows simple directions like “pick up the toy” Movement: Gets to a sitting position without help Pulls up to stand, walks holding on to furniture (“cruising”) May take a few steps without holding on May stand alone WHAT FAMILIES CAN DO Develop and maintain consistent routines. Help your baby learn limits by saying “no” in a firm quiet voice. Provide your baby with choices, such as, “Do you want to wear your red shirt or your blue shirt?” Give your baby lots of hugs and kisses. Say what you think your baby is feeling, such as happy, mad or sad. Play, sing and read to your baby. Talk to your baby about what you are doing such as, “I am changing your diaper.” Let your baby turn the pages when looking at a book together and take turns naming items in the pictures. Use words to tell your baby what comes next, such as “Mommy is putting on your socks and then we will put on your shoes.” Build on what your baby says or tries to say, or points to – if your baby points to a dog and says “da,” respond, “Yes, that’s a little, black dog. Play with blocks, shape sorters and other toys that encourage your baby to use his/her hands. Give your baby crayons and paper and let him/her draw freely. Hide small toys and have your baby find them. Name body parts out loud. Sing songs with actions like “The Itsy-Bitsy Spider” and “Wheels on the Bus”; teach your baby the actions. Child-proof your home: lock up household cleaning, laundry, lawn care and car care products; use safety gates; and lock doors to outside and basement. Provide push toys such as a car or wagon.