What most babies do by this age: Social and Emotional Wants to please and be like friends More likely to agree with rules Likes to sing, dance, and act Is aware of gender Can tell what’s real and what’s make-believe Shows more independence Is sometimes demanding and sometimes very cooperative Language/Communication Speaks very clearly Tells a simple story using full sentences Uses future tense (for example, “Grandma will be here.”) Says name and address Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving) Counts 10 or more things Can draw a person with at least 6 body parts Can print some letters or numbers Copies a triangle and other geometric shapes Knows about things used every day, like money and food Movement/Physical Development Stands on one foot for 10 seconds or longer Hops; may be able to skip Uses a fork and spoon and sometimes a table knife Can use the toilet on her own Swings and climbs WHAT FAMILIES CAN DO Catch your child being good and encourage all the things your child can do. Gently and consistently help your child manage feelings and control behavior. Give your child opportunities to play with other children. Teach your child about “safe touch.” Give your child more freedom to choose activities to play with friends and let your child work out problems with friends Teach your child about time – morning, afternoon, evening, today, tomorrow and yesterday – and start teaching the days of the week. Play with toys that encourage your child to put things together. Follow your child’s interests. Visit the library to find books on interest areas. Encourage your child to draw and make art projects using different supplies. Read with your child every day and ask him/her to predict what will happen next. Teach your child his/her address and phone number. Point out familiar symbols and words for your child to know. Encourage your child to count items. Play with balls – catching, running and kicking. Visit parks, playgrounds and play spaces where your child can run and climb freely. Play with toys that encourage your child to put things together. Help your child learn to pump his/her legs back and forth when swinging. Provide riding toys, such as a bike with training wheels or scooter. Put on your child’s favorite music and have a dance party; copy each other’s moves.