Often can’t tell what’s real and what’s make-believe
Talks about interests
Knows some basic rules of grammar, such as correctly using “he” and “she”
Sings a song or says a poem from memory such as the “Itsy Bitsy Spider” or the “Wheels on the Bus”
Can say first and last name
Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)
Names some colors and some numbers
Understands the idea of counting
Starts to understand time
Remembers parts of a story
Understands the idea of “same” and “different”
Draws a person with 2 to 4 body parts
Starts to copy some capital letters
Plays board or card games
Tells you what he thinks is going to happen next in a book
Hops and stands on one foot up to 2 seconds
Catches a bounced ball most of the time
Pours, cuts with supervision, and mashes own food
WHAT FAMILIES CAN DO
Play make-believe with your child – let him/her be the leader and choose what you will play.
Set limits and be consistent with what your child can and cannot do.
Say positive things to and praise your child and what he/she is doing.
Give your child opportunities to play with other children.
Let your child solve problems when playing with friends, but be nearby to help out if needed.
Take time to answer your child’s “why” questions; show patience and be responsive to the questions and if you don’t know the answer, look it up together, ask your child’s thoughts or say you don’t know.
Provide your child with toys that build imagination such as blocks, kitchen sets and dress-up clothes.
Give your child simple choices whenever you can about what to wear, play, or have for snack.
Count items at home such as crackers, steps or stuffed animals.
Urge your child to use words to ask for help.
Read to your child every day; ask him/her to tell you what happened in the story as you go.
Say colors, sort items by color, shape or use such as, “Find all of the green blocks and make a tower.”
Point out letters and numbers in signs and everyday objects, such as, “This sign has the number four in it and you are 4-years-old.”
Play with balls while running and kicking.
Teach your child to play outdoor games like tag, follow the leader and “duck, duck, goose.”
Provide riding toys such as a trike, bike with training wheels or scooter.
Put on your child’s favorite music and have a dance party; copy each other’s moves.